Glass Bottle Glossary

Label & Decorating Acronyms

Applied Ceramic Labeling (ACL) Also called Applied Color Labeling, but basically, they all typically use a ceramic label which is then fused onto bottles by placing them in a lehr or oven
Bottle Decoration This would include silk-screening, ACL, painting or acid etching of a bottle
Ceramic heat transfer labeling Similar to applied ceramic labeling, this is a process that uses a printed decal affixed to the surface of the glass. The glass is fired, heated in a lehr, and becomes permanently fused.
Colored Glass Glass is colored one of two ways the most common is applied via painting a particular color on the glass bottle which is then baked at 600 Degrees. Another common way to add the color directly to the molten glass similar to the "Cobalt Blue" described below
Debossing This is similar to embossing except that the letters or logo in the glass depth set versus raised.
Embossing This is a raised letter or logo in the glass created by the glass tool
Etching A method of removing a layer of glass off of the surface of the glass by exposing the surface in a solution of concentrated acid. The Bottle is then washed after acid dipping to create a smooth surface.
Frosting A method of bottle decoration that gives the surface of the glass a frosted look which is done one of two ways. The first way is done whereby the bottle is dipped in acid and a few microns of glass are etched of the surface creating that smooth finish. The second is done using a ceramic paint to create the same effect.
Spray Color or paint A Spray coloration than can be done in a multitude of colors, intensities, and gradations, which is then baked in a Lehr so that is it permanent. Labels or logos may then be silk-screen or applied after painting.
Water Slide Decals This is very similar to an ACL label but they may or may not use a ceramic inks, the label is applied with water to the front of the bottle and the bottle is put into a lehr or oven and the ink or label transfer permanently to the bottle.

Types of Glass

Amber glass A brown-colored glass used mainly for beer, pharmaceutical and spirit bottles as the color will make the glass light or UV resistant which may harm the liquid
Annealing This is a process of slowly cooling the glass in a cool down oven or lehr. If the glass were cooled down to quick it would go into "thermal shock" and crack easily whereby the lehr cools down the glass slowly along maybe a 60-80 foot length with the glass emerging at the end annealed.
Cobalt Glass A deep blue glass colored by adding cobalt compounds. See an example of the Cobalt Blue glass in the Blue Vodka Bottle we did under stock bottles
Flint glass This is a term people may use when they are referring to one of the three grades below when they may not know which type of flint they are referring to. The literal translation is an optical glass that has a high refractive index, but with the glass bottle industry, it is typically broken down into one of the three grades.
Regular Flint glass This is typically the lowest grade of glass used in bottle manufacturing. You can easily tell this grade of glass as it has a slight green hue to the color of the glass.
Extra Flint glass This grade of glass is used in around 70% of the spirit bottles available in the marketplace and is relatively clear in color but may not be as clear as a brandy or cognac bottle which are made with "Super Flint"
Super Flint glass This is the highest grade of glass in the marketplace and is very clear to look thru and very bright in color. This is what you would see in most high-end vodka, brandy, or whiskey bottles.
Crystal Flint glass This is basically a "super flint" glass that some manufacturers will add their own special formula to that makes the glass pop or bright like crystal hence the name "crystal flint"
Soda-lime glass See the various flint materials under "Glass Acronyms"

Glass Bottle Tops & Finish Acronyms

Bar top closure This is typically a plastic, metal or wood top with a cork on the bottom side.
Bar top or Cork finish This typically refers to the opening of the bottle that is made for a cork closure
Synthetic Cork Top This is a synthetic or plastic style cork used for wine and spirits. This is a common style cork used for vodkas, gins, white runs because it will not discolor or tint the liquid like a natural cork might
Natural Cork Top Natural corks are typically made of cork wood found in Portugal and Spain whereby the corks are cut out of a solid price of cork wood. Very commonly used in whiskeys, brandies, dark rums, and tequilas.
Beveled finish This is a sloping edge on the inside lip of a bottle which typically helps with the pour characteristics of the bottle when filling a glass.
Capsule Pre-printed, heat shrink foil or plastic tube that fits over the neck of the bottle and closure which also has a tamper-evident seal.
Closure Any cork, screw cap, or lug that provides a seal for the bottle.
Continuous Thread These containers feature a threaded neck onto which metal or plastic closures are rotated until the closure seats firmly against the bottle's shoulder or neck bead
Crown Cap This is a crimped closure typically found on beer bottles and soda bottle that was invented by William Painter in 1892
GPI Threads Refers to the "Glass Packaging Institute" which is responsible for issuing uniform standards regarding the types of finishes produced by glass manufacturers
Lug cap A closure with raised internal impressions that inter-mesh with identical threads on the finish of the container. Commonly used on ketchup bottles as well as Snapple styled bottles
Neck finish This is the top of the bottle and refers to the type of finish like screw on, bar top, or lug
Pilfer-proof Seal This is a style of top that you cannot open without damaging the seal or label thereby showing it has been opened or tampered with
Roll Top Large rounded lip at the top of the neck
ROPP cap Roll on Pilfer Proof (bottle closure system) This is another style of a tamper evident cap
Screw Cap Simple screw cap but may or may not be tamper evident
Stelvin cap The Stelvin Cap is an aluminum screw cap that screws on to the threads on the neck of a bottle. It usually includes a metal skirt down the neck to resemble a traditional wine capsule.
Tamper evident A closure or liner system incorporating a feature that visually indicates if the closure has been removed or the product has been exposed. Removal of the closure or liner system breaks the seal or label thereby letting people know it has been opened

Shipping Acronyms

CIF Cost Insurance Freight. This is the cost of the product shipped to your nearest port, but it does not include import duty, customs clearance fees, or domestic shipping to your final location.
DDP Delivery, Duties Paid. This the door-to-door cost of the product with everything included.
EXW The Seller makes the goods available at his/her premises. The buyer is responsible for uploading. This term places the maximum obligation on the buyer to take care of all shipping, customs, and freight from the factory to your final destination.
FOB Free On Board. The seller pays for transportation of goods to the port of shipment, including marine freight transportation, insurance, unloading, and customs clearance.

General Acronyms

ABM Automatic Bottle Machine. The term is a shorthand reference to a machine made bottles as compared to a hand blow or semi-automatic machine.
Cold end The last stage in glass-container production which consists of inspecting the containers for defects, labeling the containers, and packaging the containers for shipment.
Cullet Crushed recycled glass that is added to the glass furnace
Fill Point The level to which a container must be filled to furnish a designated quantity of the contents.
Flat Bottom (no punt) This is a flat bottom bottle with no "Punt". Flat bottom based bottles, may or may not have a thick flat base
Gob A portion of hot glass that is delivered from the furnace for forming
Hot end A manufacturing term for the area of a glass manufacturing plant where molten glass is processed coming out of the hot furnace
Lehr A continuous-belt oven for the annealing of glass, and for fusing paint, silkscreen or labels to a bottle
Punt (full pushup) This is a depression on the bottom of the bottle common on wine and some whiskey bottles. This full-pushup is considered the standard.
Punt (mid pushup) This punt or depression is half way between a "full punt" and a "flat bottom"
Re-Shipper Carton Shipping container in which empty unit containers are received and intended to be used as shipping containers for the product packaged in the unit containers.
Taper The bottle shoulder is a larger diameter than the base.
Transfer Bead A projecting bead on the outer surface of some glass containers, use- ally just below the finish, to provide a surface of engagement for the jaws of handling devices during